Basic Facts of Migration

International Migration

  • Millions of people have migrated from their homes to other countries in recent years
  • If all of the world’s international migrant lived in a single country, it would be the world’s fifth largest, with around 244 million people
  • Overall, international migrants make up 3.3% of the world’s population today
  • The absolute number of international migrants has grown considerably over the past 50 years, from about 79 million in 1960 to nearly 250 million in 2015, a 200% increase
    • But the world’s population has also grown during that time, rising nearly 150% from about 3 billion to 7.3 billion
  • Europe has also experienced its own refugee crisis as a destination for Syrians, Afghans, Iraqis and others escaping violence in their countries, with nearly 1.3 million refugees applying for asylum in the European Union, Norway and Switzerland in 2015

Migration Vocabulary

  • Migration = is the movement of either people or animals from one area to another.

  • Immigration = is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there.

  • Emigration = is the act of leaving one's resident country with the intent to settle elsewhere.

  • Immigrant = a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country.

  • Immigrate = to enter a country for the purpose of living there.

  • Ethnic group = group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage, such as language or religion.

  • Asylum = legal permission to live in a country granted in special cases to people fleeing danger or persecution in the homelands.

  • Refugee = a person who flees his or her native land to escape persecution or danger. käyttää vain välttämättömiä evästeitä istunnon ylläpitämiseen ja anonyymiin tekniseen tilastointiin. ei koskaan käytä evästeitä markkinointiin tai kerää yksilöityjä tilastoja. Lisää tietoa evästeistä