Articles on Finnish Education System and Finns

Basics of Finnish Education System

The present Finnish education system starts with daycare programs for babies and toddlers. A one-year pre-school for six-year-olds is studied before a nine-year compulsory basic comprehensive school. Comprehensive school starts at age seven and ends at the age of fifteen. After comprehensive school there is post-compulsory secondary general academic education in high schools or vocational education in vocational schools. Higher education is offered in Universities and Universities of Applied Sciences. There is also lifelong continuing education for adults.

The Finnish strategy for achieving equality and excellence in education has been based on constructing a publicly funded comprehensive school system without selecting, tracking, or streaming students during their common basic education. Part of the strategy has been to spread the school network so that pupils have a school near their homes whenever possible or, if this is not feasible, e.g. in rural areas, to provide free transportation to more widely dispersed schools. Inclusive special education within the classroom and instructional efforts to minimize low achievement are also typical of Nordic educational systems. Finnish education system has no tuition fees and all the elementary and secondary schools have a fully subsidized meals served to full-time students.

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