ENA10 abikurssi

Abilities Glossaries translation keys


Glossaries translation keys


  1. Health / Well-being
  2. Translate into English.
  3. Since I started a gluten-free diet / After I went gluten-free my stomach pain disappeared.
  4. Physical well-being is equally important to / as important as mental and spiritual well-being.
  5. I hurt myself badly and now I have to wear this cast for several months.
  6. My whole family suffers from high blood pressure and elevated heart rate.
  7. Whether you are a vegetarian or a vegan, you need to think about how you can get enough protein and carbs / carbohydrates.
  8. Matthew’s friend has been able to achieve and maintain his/her ideal body weight. I wonder what his/her Body Mass Index / BMI / body mass index is?
  9. I feel tired but happy.


  1. Art / Culture
  2. Translate into English.
  3. When you run out of ideas for sequels, you can always make prequels.
  4. I think / I believe I prefer short stories to/over novels. / I think I like short stories better/more than novels.
  5. The picture was painted on an opaque material using only primary colors/colours.
  6. Cinderella is the protagonist of/in a/the famous fairytale.
  7. Will the new thriller only be published as a paperback? / in paperback?


  1. Society / Politics
  2. Translate into English.
  3. Social justice is an important / a vital part of Finnish society.
  4. The opposition has criticized the taxation of pensioners /OAPs again.
  5. The chair(person) of the party announced his/her resignation at the caucus/party congress.
  6. What do you think about/of... / How do you feel about the foreign policy of this government?

(Huom: muista n-kirjain sanan government keskellä.)

  1. Some politicians want (to have) a referendum on leaving the European Union.


  1. Immigration / Global issues
  2. Translate into English.
  3. People ought to be / should be more tolerant.
  4. Hundreds of thousands of people emigrated from the country because of / on account of / due to the famine that/which had been tormenting / that/which (had) tormented the country for decades.
  5. Since/Because there are so many immigrants in Finland, nobody can say that Finland is a monocultural society. / nobody can call Finland a monocultural society.
  6. Tom, Mark and Sam have always been in favor of / have always supported fair trade due to their / because of their many years of experience as aid workers / relief workers (OR: ...have always been supporters of fair trade…)
  7. Non-profit organizations such as the Finnish Red Cross help refugees and try to promote equality.


  1. Science / Technology
  2. Translate into English.
  3. Do you know what the first element is?
  4. The site/web page crashed because/since millions of people tried to sign in/log in at the same time/simultaneously.
  5. Sometimes crowdsourcing leads to a better result than big investments.
  6. The admin/administrator kicked me out because I swore at another user.
  7. I don’t have a solid/strong theoretical understanding of how the combustion engine works/functions.


  1. Economy / Work
  2. Translate into English.
  3. Supply and demand should control the market.
  4. If I got a raise, it would help me pay my bill(s) / help me with my bill(s).
  5. I earn quite a lot but because of / due to high taxation my net income is never enough.
  6. Our hard-working staff/personnel are entirely responsible for our company’s success / for the success of our company.
  7. The CFO and CEO resigned after losing / they lost their perks/fringe benefits.


  1. War / Conflict
  2. Translate into English.
  3. International treaties ban torturing / the torture of prisoners of war.
  4. The US government retaliated to the suicide bombing with an airstrike.
  5. The army is deploying troops overseas.
  6. Humankind has not used nuclear weapons in warfare since 1945.
  7. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas in 1963.
  8. Finland has the biggest artillery forces in Europe.
  9. Some people believe there is a conspiracy behind the 9/11 attacks.
  10. Our allies have breached (through) the enemy lines.


Abilities Homework keys

Grammar Homework keys




  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. What will happen if you are late?
  3. Who could you talk to if you saw something strange/weird/odd?
  4. What should have been done to prevent/stop this? / What should we have done to prevent/stop this?
  5. Who would have believed you if you had said something?
  6. If you had known this / Had you known this when (you were) younger, would you have helped me?



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. Rules are not always obeyed/followed.
  3. We felt we were being watched/observed.
  4. It must have been sold abroad.
  5. They are said to be ready for everything. / It is said (that) they are ready for everything.
  6. I tried to avoid being seen in their company.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. You must be able to give me an/the answer.
  3. I haven’t been able to sleep at all.
  4. I may have made a mistake.
  5. You should have been allowed/permitted to decide for yourself.
  6. Why did I have to act so foolishly / in such a silly way?
  7. You must have thought / must have been thinking that I was mad.


Infinitiivi, ing-muoto ja that-lause

  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. I want you to listen carefully.
  3. What makes you think (that) I know the answer?
  4. Is it worth trying?
  5. Have you got used to taking exercise every day?
  6. I think (that) I’m right.
  7. I am known to have made mistakes.



Substantiivit ja artikkelit

Yksikkö ja monikko

  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. In biology classes/lessons, (the) students were asked to group animal species on different bases.
  3. The list had / included butterflies, wolves, mice, reindeer, salmon, foxes, geese, and sheep.
  4. People used different criteria when they described the phenomena.
  5. After an hour of research, the analyses were presented as a series of presentations.


Yksikkö vai monikko?

  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. There has been a lot of news / There have been many pieces / items of news / news items online about how people react to threats.
  3. Researchers are trying to figure out how the human brain works / human brains work.
  4. Experts are gathering further evidence / proof about the fact that information has been misused.
  5. With these studies / this research, the government hopes / hope to improve the situation.



  1. HOMEWORK. Add the missing articles.

Talking about  modern art,  most people know the name Picasso, but few people know that he was actually a Spaniard. He was born in — southern Spain, in the city of Malaga, and as a young man he studied — traditional art with a famous Spanish painter.

At the age of 20, Picasso decided to move to  Paris, which was the centre of — culture at the time. Together with a Hungarian friend of his, he developed a completely new and  innovative style of  painting called  Cubism. If you look at a/the Cubist work of  art, you may see an ordinary object such as a/the violin, an old newspaper, or a glass of  wine in the painting, but the/— parts of the objects may be scattered all over the canvas. Later in  life, Picasso became an innovative sculptor. He would take an everyday object like a used tyre, or a piece of  furniture, and use it to create a sculpture.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. An English teacher of mine / One of my English teachers taught us that the kings and queens of the United Kingdom live in Buckingham Palace, but the monarch’s Crown Jewels are kept in the Tower of London.
  3. According to a / the legend, the future of the kingdom / the kingdom’s future depends on the presence of the ravens / the ravens’ presence in the Tower.
  4. What brought the ravens to the Tower at the beginning of the 16th century / in the early 1500s was probably the smell of the corpses of executed enemies of the king / the smell of the corpses of the king’s executed enemies.
  5. The Tower’s ravens / The ravens of the Tower have all got names of their own, and each raven’s name / the name of each raven is written on its tombstone at a special raven cemetery.




  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. I don’t know all/everything that was told to you / (that) you were told.
  3. What you saw was nobody’s fault.
  4. Accidents happen, which is not a surprise.
  5. We tried to help the victims, two of whom died later in hospital.
  6. Helping others is the least (that/which) we can do.
  7. I haven’t met anyone who/that is as unselfish as you.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. Nothing scares me more than being alone at home / home alone at night.
  3. Everyone / Everybody is scared / frightened / afraid of something.
  4. Not everyone believes in ghosts.
  5. None of us can know how others really feel.
  6. Anything can seem scary / frightening / terrifying for someone / somebody.
  7. Some (people) are scared/afraid of mice and others of cockroaches.


Paljoussanat ja numeraalit


  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. We have little time, so be quick.
  3. Few students are as skilled/skillful.
  4. Luckily I have a few friends.
  5. Nobody needs many enemies / a lot of enemies.
  6. Hopefully we all have many more friends than enemies.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. I have dozens of acquaintances but only a few friends.
  3. Few politicians have got/received hundreds of thousands of votes.
  4. In the early 20th century/1900s / At the beginning of the 20th century / the 1900s many (people) believed war would be impossible.
  5. By the end of the 1910s tens of millions of people had died of war and disease.
  6. Do you remember what happened in the mid—19th century / in the mid—1800s?




Adjektiivit ja adverbit


  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. Climate change is making oceans warmer and warmer.
  3. Hurricanes have become even more destructive / devastating than before.
  4. The higher the temperatures, the worse the hurricanes become.
  5. Hurricanes are most common in (the) autumn / fall when the weather is hotter and drier.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. I tried to wake up earlier than usual because I felt extremely nervous about the physics test / exam.
  3. Unfortunately, I had forgotten to charge my phone and I woke up even later than usual.
  4. I got dressed as quickly as / as fast as I could and made it to the bus just in time.
  5. The bus driver greeted me in a friendly way / kindly and asked me politely if I knew it was Sunday.




  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. I bought ice cream at the kiosk yesterday.
  3. I often go to town after school.
  4. I always come home at six in the evening.
  5. Never have I heard such nonsense. (/ I have never heard such nonsense.)
  6. Had you seen us, you would have been angry/mad. (/ If you had seen us, …)


It ja there

  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. It was sunny outside.
  3. It was still dark in the corridor.
  4. It blew / was blowing really hard outside.
  5. There was a lot of trash on/in the street.
  6. There were a lot of people at/in the square.
  7. There was no way to find you.


Epäsuora kerronta

  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. I am not sure if/whether I was right or wrong.
  3. Can you tell me what happened?
  4. I want to know if you said anything about me.
  5. Nobody can know if they believed us.
  6. I wonder if he/she has ever been young.
  7. Tell me where you went.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. This is the list of the members attending the meeting.
  3. What do you think of the project presented last time?
  4. Done properly it can be a great success.
  5. Having read / After reading an article about the environmental effects of the project, I am no longer so sure.
  6. In my opinion / In my view / To my mind, people forgetting the environment are reckless.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. Hiking in the mountains is both refreshing and good fun.
  3. It wasn’t until I made my first trip to a/the national park that I realized that hiking was my thing.
  4. Now that I’ve packed my backpack, I’m ready to set off.
  5. Whenever I hike long distances, I feel a sense of accomplishment/ as if I’ve accomplished/achieved something.
  6. Although / even though / though I am not really interested in / into / keen on sports, long walks suit me.



  1. HOMEWORK. Translate into English.
  2. Above all, remember to do exactly as I tell you to.
  3. However / yet / still / nevertheless / nonetheless, I’ve sometimes given you bad advice as well.
  4. As a result / For this reason / Consequently, you once lost a lot of money.
  5. On the other hand, it’s good to have your own will.
  6. That’s why / Therefore, it’s good to use common sense and not always obey me.



Verbi/ Adjektiivi /Substantiivi + prepositio

  1. HOMEWORK. Translate.
  2. I was in Spain and the stars were like diamonds in the sky.
  3. The neighbour’s kids are at my door again.
  4. I have always lived on the top floor of this 32—storey/32—story building.
  5. This parrot is similar to yours, but different from/to/than the one we saw at the parking lot of/at the zoo.
  6. The ancient recipe for success is to concentrate/focus on the minor / small details.


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